I would like to extend my special thanks to Professor Miller, Professor Winston, Laura Brauntstein, and Mary Hong for making this website possible. I would also like to thank my classmates for their feedback and support, which was crucial to this process.

Below is a list of all the materials used in the making of this website. For the sake of improved user interface, no citations were included directly in the content pages. All resources referenced, however, are included in the list below.

Please note all content displayed on this website is for educational use only, with full rights and ownership preserved by those who initially produced the content.  

Thank you,

Daniela C. Armas '20

Works Cited

Cuong, Nguyen Tuan "The Promotion of Confucianism in South Vietnam (1955–1975) and the Role of Nguyễn Đăng Thục as a New Confucian Scholar." Journal of Vietnamese Studies 10, no. 4 (2015): 30-81. Accessed March 22, 2020.

Daniela Armas C. Mary Hong. Personal, February 18, 2020.

David Alan Harvey. 1989. VIETNAM. Saigon. 1989. A store owner's daughter. © David Alan Harvey/Magnum Photos.

Grinter, Lawrence E. "Vietnam's Thrust into Globalization: "Doi Moi's" Long Road." Asian Affairs 33, no. 3 (2006): 151-65. Accessed March 15, 2020.

Harms, Erik. “Material Symbolism on Saigon's Edge: The Political-Economic and Symbolic Transformation of Hô Chí Minh City's Periurban Zones.” Pacific Affairs 84, no. 3 (2011): 455–73.

Hiep, Le Hong. “Performance-Based Legitimacy: The Case of the Communist Party of Vietnam and Doi Moi.” Contemporary Southeast Asia 34, no. 2 (2012): 145.

Hột Vịt Lộn - Saigon, Vietnam. Vimeo, 2015.

Khuong, Mai Ngoc, and Nguyen Vu Quynh Nhu. “The Effects of Ethical Leadership and Organizational Culture towards Employees’ Sociability and Commitment–A Study of Tourism Sector in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.” Journal of Advanced Management Science, 2015, 329–36.

Khuong, Mai Ngoc and Phan Le Vu. “Measuring the Effects of Drivers Organizational Commitment through the Mediation of Job Satisfaction A Study in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.” (2014).

Leshkowich, Ann Marie. "Woman, Buddhist, Entrepreneur: Gender, Moral Values, and Class Anxiety in Late Socialist Vietnam." Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1, no. 1-2 (2006): 277-313. Accessed March 15, 2020. doi:10.1525/vs.2006.1.1-2.277.

Life of a Saigon Street Vendor: "Squeezed". Life of a Saigon Street Vendor: "Squeezed". Youtube, Inc., 2015.

Matsuda, Shinya. “An Opinion Survey Regarding Gender Roles and Family in Vietnam.” Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 1, no. 4 (1997): 201–5.

Nguyen, Thang Van, and Nancy K. Napier. “Work Attitudes in Vietnam.” Academy of Management Perspectives 14, no. 4 (2000): 142–43.

Nom, Chu, and Nguyen Gu. “The Tale of Kiều.” World Digital Library. The British Library, January 1, 1894.

Patrick Zachmann. 1991. ASIA. VIETNAM. Town of Hô Chi Minh (former Saïgon). Cholon (Chinese district) 1991. Cloth dyeing manufacture run by the LY NUONG family. Vietnam. Hô Chi Minh-Ville (autrefois Saïgon). Cholon (quartier chinois). Fabrique de teinture sur tissu tenue par la famille chinoise LY NUONG..

Photograph, 21 January 1988, Douglas Pike Photograph Collection, Vietnam Center and Sam Johnson Vietnam Archive, Texas Tech University,, Accessed 06 Mar 2020.

“Population and Employment Statistics.” General Statistics Office Of Vietnam, 2018.

President Clinton's Speech at Vietnam Natl. Univ. YouTube. Clinton Presidential Library, 2012.

Rush Hour Traffic with Motorcycle in Ho Chi Minh City - Vietnam. YouTube. Youtube, Inc., 2015.

Saigon Cyclo Driver Son. Vimeo, 2011.

Sasges, Gerard, Mai Huyen Chi, and Andrew X. Pham. It’s a Living : Work and Life in Vietnam Today . Singapore: NUS Press, 2013. Print.

Teerawichitchainan, Bussarawan, John Knodel, Vu Manh Loi, and Vu Tuan Huy. "The Gender Division of Household Labor in Vietnam: Cohort Trends and Regional Variations." Journal of Comparative Family Studies 41, no. 1 (2010): 57-85. Accessed March 15, 2020.

Walking in Hồ Chí Minh City (Saigon). YouTube. Youtube, Inc., 2013.

Watanabe, Paul. “The Rebirth of Fields Corner: Vietnamese Immigrant Entrepreneurs and the Revitilization of a Boston Neighborhood.” Digital Commons @ Western New England University School of Law, 2009.